Balkh University as a high academic and education institution was established in 1987 in Mazar-i-Sharif. In 1988 Balkh University starts officially with four faculties including Engineering, History and Literature, Economy and Agriculture along with the opening and operation of Medical faculty with 56 students under support of Ministry of Public Health. Later according to the needs and demands of environment in 1992 faculty of Law and Political Science and in 1993 Theology faculty were established. Education faculty which is the oldest institute for teacher training was known Rudaki Pedagogy institute joined under frame of Balkh University in 2003.
Balkh University which was established in 1988 with four faculties currently has 15 faculties (Engineering, Economy, Agriculture, Theology, Literature, Computer Science, Journalism, Law, Public Administration, Medical, Education, , Science , Social Science , Geology Mining and Environment Veterinary and Pharmacy that recently established in 1391) in day shift and has four faculties in night shift such as Economy, Literature and Humanities, Law and Political Science and Education with 22000 students and runs with 418 lecturers and 146 administration stuff and 141 workers.
Recently faculty of computer science approved by Ministry of Higher Education and in coming future faculty of Public Administration will be established under frame of Balkh University.
Today with hardworking and efforts of ministry and university’s Excellencies this academic institution become one the top university amongst universities in the country which is equipped with standard library having more than 60000 books in 20 thousand titles, six computer lap, one language lap and internet access. Computer lap trained and graduated ten times lecturers, students and stuff of university.
Printing and publishing scientific journal entitled “Balkh Scientific Journal” and “Marafat” which in both of them publish the works and research of lecturers. Balkh University has monthly outlook (News paper, of cultural and analysis of Balkh University) and Balkh Journalistic monthly newspaper (Department of Journalism outlook.
In recent time with the fund of World Bank, Balkh University is equipped with AFSET printing machine inside of printing office.
There should be mentioned that Balkh University has students club, sports team such football and volleyball teams for providing better environment for students.
There are several activities for encouraging of students like weekly conferences, scientific conference of lecturers in their faculties in this academic institution. Teaching methods and academic activities of faculties monitor gradually by deputy of scientific affairs and deputy of students affairs.
Scientific methodology seminar for capacity building of lecturers has held and administration work runs normally.
Balkh University has partnership from 2002 with academic institutions such as South Korea, Bochum University of Germany, Technical university of Berlin, AIT of Thailand, Kansas University of U.S, Selcuk University of Turkey, Representative Alwenaz University of U.S in Pakistan and Tajikistan Universities and every year number of lecturers and students use from these partnerships.
It should be mentioned that Balkh University has dormitory for boys and girls students who come from other provinces with good environment of living.
The high Excellency who has served as Balkh University Chancellors are as follow:
1. Pohanyar Abdul Ghani Adel the former manager of Gas and Oil Institute in Mazar –i- Sharif and Acting Director of Polo Technique of Kabul in Mazar from 1987 up to 1988.
2. Pohanwal Sher Aqah Jurhat from 1988 up to 1992.
3. Pohanyar Ghulam Hazart Jahed from Jawza 1992 up to Mizan 1994.
4. Pohandoy Dr. Ezatullah Hamed for four years.
5. Pohanyar Edayatullah Edayat for one month.
After that from Asad 1998 Mazar –i- Sharif was captured by Taliban regime and the chancellors of Balkh University from 1998 to 2001 were:
1. Ajmal Yosoufzai
2. Mawlawi Mohammad Sediq Sadaqat yar
3. Mawlawi Abdul Wahed Leyaqat
After collapse of Taliban regime the chancellor was:
1. Pohanmal Sayed Mohammad Alem Labib
Pohanmal Labib was lecturer of literature faculty from Aqrab 2001 up to Sawar 2002.
2. Pohandoy Diploma Eng. Habibullah Habib
in Sawar 2002 Pohandoy Habib won the election and become the first elected Chancellor of Balkh University.
3. Pohandoy Alhaj Mokamel Alkozai
Base on official letter of number 6919 of 12/02/2012 of President office and ministry of higher education Pohandoy Alhaj Mokamel Alkozai become chancellor of Balkh University.
Finally, today there are 3 Full Professor, 15 Professor, 24 Associate Professor, 54 Senior Assistant Professor, 96 Assistant Professor, 64 Senior Teaching Assistant and 5 Junior Teaching Assistant who are serving as academicians at Balkh University.